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5.7 Million Adults in the US Have Heart Failure

The heart is vital (literally), so it’s important to keep it in tip-top shape! The rest of the body depends on the heart to deliver blood and oxygen to all its cells and organs. If the heart becomes damaged, it can lead to what is known as heart failure. Keeping your heart healthy not only involves proper diet and exercise, but also involves making sure conditions that can cause ...

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Research to Reverse Celiac Disease

Gluten Free. This has become a household term. Everyone has heard of gluten free-diets, but not everyone comprehends why this distinction is necessary. For people with celiac disease, gluten can be devastating and it is essential for food labeling to be correct. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine. Read More




Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Is GERD just heartburn, or is it something more? Check out our PowerPoint pdf file to find out the latest information and gain some tips on how to help reduce symptoms. Researchers are continuing to study GERD and new ways to treat it. Currently, some of our ENCORE research sites have new GERD research studies enrolling. If you ...

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Diabetes from your head to your toes!

If diabetes is brought up to a member of the general public, they will usually be aware that the condition affects a person’s ability to regulate their blood sugar. However, they may not realize what is involved beyond checking blood sugars and possibly injecting insulin. On the other hand, most people that have been diagnosed with diabetes know that it is a very complex condition. Uncontrolled, high bloo...

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Clinical Trial Insight

Thank You for a Great Year!As an ENCORE community member, we hope you have enjoyed hearing from us this year. Each month we strive to provide you with accurate information on health topics that are relevant to you and our enrolling studies. 2018 has been a momentous year for us and has se...

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FDA Drug Approvals 2018

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Preventing A Heart Attack

What causes a heart attack?A heart attack (myocardial infarction) means that blood flow to the heart muscle has been decreased enough to cause damage to the heart muscle.  Some causes of blocked blood flow include blood clots, cholesterol build up, and ruptu...

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"Pneumonia" the old man's friend

"Pneumonia" the old man's friend. The most frequent "sendoff" in the pre antibiotic era. In the US infectious disease remains a leading cause of death primarily due to pneumonia. Each year the bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia (pneumococcal) disease kills thousands of adults. It is spread from person to person through, coughing, sneezing and close contact. People can carry the bacteria in their throat, nose and ...

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What is Gastroenterology?

Gastroenterology is the medical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the digestive tract (also called gastrointestinal [GI] tract).  Some symptoms that can indicate disease or dysfunction of the GI tract include nausea, vomiting, weight loss, heartburn, regurgitation, abdominal pain, abdominal bloating, rectal bleeding, constipation, and diarrhea.  Digestion...

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Why Are English Sailors Called Limeys?

On a sailing ship in 1747, twelve sailors who had begun the voyage feeling fine were overcome with fatigue.  Their gums were swollen and sore, making it difficult to eat.  Their teeth were falling out.  Their legs were swollen and purple from bruising.  Dr. James Lind was a passenger on that ship, and he set out to find the ca...

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Normal Cholesterol Numbers Aren’t Enough?

You may know that having normal cholesterol levels in your blood are important for helping prevent heart attacks and strokes.  But you may not know that there is another factor in your blood work that can be just as important!  It’s a blood test you can request, and the result will tell you if it’s important for you.Lipopro...

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RSV- Respiratory Syncytial Virus

A contagious virus that can cause infections in the lungs and respiratory tract.You may have heard of the respiratory syncytial virus, in fact most people encounter RSV more than once, sometimes within the same year. Throughout older childhood and most of adulthood you may catch RSV during the winter and experience symptoms similar to th...

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Is it hot in here, or is it me?

Hot flashes are sudden feelings of warmth. Your skin might redden, as if you're blushing. Hot flashes can also cause sweating, and if you lose too much body heat, you might feel chilled afterward. Although other medical conditions can cause them, hot flashes most commonly are due to menopause. Hot flashes are the most common symptom of the menopausal transition. Frequency of hot flashe...

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NO SLEEP FOR YOU!

Sleep is essential for the body to repair and restore itself. In fact, sleep is so important that humans spend approximately 30% of their lives sleeping. However, since the beginning of recorded time and undoubtedly before that, some people have struggled to sleep. Fortunately, over the last 50 years our understanding of how to improve and correct the body’s sleep systems has advanced tremendously. This res...

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I Didn’t Qualify, What’s Next?

At ENCORE Research Group it is our mission to help every patient that walks through our doors qualify for the clinical trial of their choice. Often times we get to experience the thrill of telling our patients that they successfully qualified and will soon enroll in the study. However, this is not always the case and we understand our patients’ frustration when they decide to commit to a trial only to lat...

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What is NASH? A Silent Liver Disease...

The liver is the second largest organ in the body.  Its function is to process everything we eat or drink and filter out any harmful substances from the blood.  When there is too much fat in one’s liver, the filtration process is interrupted and can become a health problem.It is estimated that 25% of the world has Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFL...

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Rogue Immune Cells, An Autoimmune Story

When patients are diagnosed with an autoimmune disorder they often have many questions. How did this happen? What is happening inside me? What treatments are available? Autoimmune diseases can be extremely complex and are the subject of much current research. The immune system’s purpose is to identify and destroy threats to the body such as viruses, bacteria or parasites. However, when a person has an autoi...

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Why Our Volunteers Love Clinical Trials

Why do our volunteers want to participate in clinical trials?  Volunteers are often motivated by a combination of several reasons. Here are 6 of the top reasons to participate. 1.        The potential of finding relief from their symptoms<...

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A Short History of Diabetes

As I was perusing an ancient text I came across an excerpt on the disease known as diabetes.  The earliest mention of the disease I could find was by a Greek physician called Aretaeus in the first century AD.  Aretaeus identified diabetes and named it after its symptoms of thirst and sweet urine.  When I researched the period I was astounded to find the diagnosing physicians were called “wate...

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Dropping the Hammer on Cholesterol

Heart disease currently accounts for 1 in 4 deaths in the United States.[1] However due to new research breakthroughs there are now treatments available that may finally give us the ...

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An Apple A Day Does Not Keep The Doctor Away

Growing up, we’ve all heard the saying, “An apple a day, keeps the doctor away” and in most cases, an apple is a great fruit to eat!  However, if you have Crohn’s Disease that might not always be the case.&nbs...

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What Defines Medical Excellence?

The practice of medicine has changed in major ways in recent years. Though many of these changes reflect good intentions, the real world consequences to patients often don’t match expectations. To understand this divide between reasonable intentions and the less salubrious reality from which we may collectively suffer, I’d like to share a recent anecdote that occurred at the airport when regulations r...

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Guinea Pigs vs. Research Heroes

Let’s not dance around the issue: for many years now, news sources like CBS, CNN, The Atlantic, and The New Yorker have called research volunteers guinea pigs.  You've probably said it yourself. I'm here today to tell you why we need to call research volunteers by another name: Heroes.The term “guinea pig” is condescending to both volunteers and ...

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My First Time: Confessions of a Research Virgin

Recently, I had my first experience as a clinical research volunteer. Going in, I wasn't quite sure what to expect, but it was better than I thought! I have Multiple Sclerosis. I also have asthma, arthritis, hypothyroidism, high blood pressure, and migraines. I live with chronic pain, I've had multiple surgeries, and the list goes on. With all these illnesses and...

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Alzheimer’s disease, Horizons and Hope

Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative brain disorder that was first described in 1906 by Dr. Alois Alzheimer.  Since that time, Alzheimer’s disease has become the most common cause of dementia (accounting for 60-80% of cases).  It is estimated that in 2016, 5.4 million American’s of all ages have Alzheimer’s disease.  One in nine people age 65 and older has Alzheimer’s...

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Dementia Related to Over-the-counter Medications

Memory issues occur commonly and when they begin, one may worry about the onset of Alzheimer’s disease.  While Alzheimer’s may cause memory loss, memory loss is also a symptom of many reversible conditions. Early memory testing is crucial to determine the cause of memory loss to help reverse it before it becomes permanent.  Read More




Migraines...Information Overload?

Incredibly, migraines are the third most prevalent disease, and the sixth most disabling disease in the world. In the US alone, 18% of women, 6 % of men, and 10 % of children experience migraines. It comes as no surprise that 1 in 4 US households include a migraine sufferer.Why are migraines a big deal? Unlike normal episodic headaches, migraines are a chronic disease ...

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3 Ways to Survive the Diabetic Tsunami

The word “tsunami” describes a huge wave caused by an underground disturbance.  Diabetes falls under that definition in our view.   According to a study in Diabetes and Endocrinology, two out of five American adults may develop Type II Diabetes in their lifetime.  About 95% of US diabetics are Type II. Type II diabetes occurs due to a condition of insulin resistance. Insulin, a hor...

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Metformin: A Common Diabetic Drug That Increases Longevity

Many doctors prescribe metformin to diabetic patients. Doctors trust the drug, particularly since the landmark United Kingdom Prospective Study that showed that overweight Type 2 diabetics on metformin lived longer and suffered fewer heart attacks than those with the same blood glucose levels achieved using insulin. The history of metformin provides a good example of how an unusual herb can become a powerful trea...

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Here Is Why You Should Be Concerned About Deadly Diarrhea and C. Diff!

Ask anyone who has had a Clostridium difficile (C. difficile, or C. diff) infection and they will probably tell you that it was one of the worst experiences of their life. Imagine the worst flu you’ve ever had but on steroids! C. diff is affectionately referred to as “deadly diarrhea” and with symptoms such as watery diarrhea 10 to 15 times a day that’s no joke! It can also come with a mul...

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